Nuclear Disarmament

Nuclear weapon test Romeo on Bikini Atoll, 1954. Photo courtesy of the US Dept. of Energy

The existence of nuclear weapons poses the single greatest threat to humanity today. The stockpiles held by the United States, Russia, France, the U.K., China, India, Pakistan and Israel have the capacity to destroy the Earth hundreds of times over. As well, approximately 40 member-state parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty have legally acquired nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and also therefore have the capability to develop nuclear weapons.

The proliferation of nuclear weapons and the threat of terrorists seeking to acquire them heightens the existing dangers.

The U.S., Russia, the U.K., France and China possessed nuclear weapons when the Treaty went into force, and committed to eliminate their arsenals.

Though the numbers have been reduced, much more must be done to achieve total prohibition and abolition of nuclear weapons. The pace is slow and some of these states are upgrading their stockpiles and asserting that nuclear weapons are essential to their security strategies.

There is no ban on nuclear weapons, though they are indiscriminate weapons and their use would constitute a violation of International Humanitarian Law. It is not currently illegal to manufacture them, stockpile them or target a city deemed of military interest. According to the Advisory Opinion on the Legality of Nuclear Weapons, if it is believed that the survival of the state is at risk, it is not illegal to threaten to use and to use nuclear weapons. However, any use would have catastrophic humanitarian consequences and would contravene International Humanitarian Law.

Despite the end of the Cold War and better relations between Russia and the United States, the two countries still have thousands of nuclear weapons, on continuous high-alert status, targeted on each other. Thus, the risk of accidents, accidental launch, terrorist acquisition and attacks remains.

Cities are at risk. The design and purpose for nuclear weapons is to target the most densely populated areas, to kill the maximum number of civilians and to destroy their habitats. Military installations do not require the massive destructive power of a nuclear weapon. 

 

Nuclear Disarmament Content

Opinion by Amb (Ret'd) Paul Meyer
Senior Fellow, The Simons Foundation
Published by Embassy - Canada's Foreign Policy Newspaper
February 2, 2011

Global Zero is a non-partisan international initiative dedicated to public education, dialogue and awareness-raising among the public and opinion leaders about the urgent nuclear threat and proposals for the elimination of all nuclear weapons. Global Zero (GZ) convenes major international conferences of opinion leaders and experts, conducts media, online and grassroots communications and organizes a global campus education and outreach program.

Complete results of the global study from The Simons Foundation in partnership with Angus Reid Strategies
October 2008

 

See the link below for this video and audio podcast produced by Peace Magazine and Project Save the World on November 25, 2019. Trisha Pritikin is a Hanford Downwinder and internationally recognized advocate on behalf of populations exposed to Hanford’s offsite radiation releases. The Simons Foundation has invited Trisha Pritikin to speak in Vancouver in March 2020 - additional information will follow.
Princeton University’s Program on Science and Global Security (SGS), based in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, has developed a new simulation for a plausible escalating war between the United States and Russia using realistic nuclear force postures, targets and fatality estimates. It is estimated that there would be more than 90 million people dead and injured within the first few hours of the conflict.
As The Simons Foundation is principal sponsor of Global Zero and Dr. Jennifer Allen Simons is a Founding Partner and their Canada Chair, we are pleased to share this important statement Global Zero's Executive Director, Derek Johnson, made to the United Nations First Committee on Disarmament and International Security in New York on October 18, 2019. See the following for his remarks.
See the following link to access this podcast by Trisha Thompson Pritikin, a Hanford Downwinder and internationally recognized advocate on behalf of populations exposed to Hanford’s offsite radiation releases.
The Hon. Douglas Roche, one of The Simons Foundation's Peace Leaders, says Canadian Catholic bishops have done a double service in nudging their fellow bishops around the world and waking up Canadian foreign policy at a critical moment. Visit The Hill Times at the link below (subscription required) for his comments.

By The Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C.
Published by The Hill Times (subscription required)
October 9, 2019

We are pleased to share the October 2019 edition of "Critical Mass," an exclusive new communiqué to keep Global Zero's supporters up to speed on the movement’s many initiatives and progress being made. The Simons Foundation is Global Zero's principal sponsor of and Dr. Jennifer Allen Simons is a Founding Partner and Canada Chair of Global Zero.