Nuclear Disarmament

Nuclear weapon test Romeo on Bikini Atoll, 1954. Photo courtesy of the US Dept. of Energy

The existence of nuclear weapons poses the single greatest threat to humanity today. The stockpiles held by the United States, Russia, France, the U.K., China, India, Pakistan and Israel have the capacity to destroy the Earth hundreds of times over. As well, approximately 40 member-state parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty have legally acquired nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and also therefore have the capability to develop nuclear weapons.

The proliferation of nuclear weapons and the threat of terrorists seeking to acquire them heightens the existing dangers.

The U.S., Russia, the U.K., France and China possessed nuclear weapons when the Treaty went into force, and committed to eliminate their arsenals.

Though the numbers have been reduced, much more must be done to achieve total prohibition and abolition of nuclear weapons. The pace is slow and some of these states are upgrading their stockpiles and asserting that nuclear weapons are essential to their security strategies.

There is no ban on nuclear weapons, though they are indiscriminate weapons and their use would constitute a violation of International Humanitarian Law. It is not currently illegal to manufacture them, stockpile them or target a city deemed of military interest. According to the Advisory Opinion on the Legality of Nuclear Weapons, if it is believed that the survival of the state is at risk, it is not illegal to threaten to use and to use nuclear weapons. However, any use would have catastrophic humanitarian consequences and would contravene International Humanitarian Law.

Despite the end of the Cold War and better relations between Russia and the United States, the two countries still have thousands of nuclear weapons, on continuous high-alert status, targeted on each other. Thus, the risk of accidents, accidental launch, terrorist acquisition and attacks remains.

Cities are at risk. The design and purpose for nuclear weapons is to target the most densely populated areas, to kill the maximum number of civilians and to destroy their habitats. Military installations do not require the massive destructive power of a nuclear weapon. 

 

Nuclear Disarmament Content

Opinion by Ernie Regher, O.C.
Senior Fellow in Arctic Security and Defence, The Simons Foundation
Published by The Hill Times (subscription required)
August 16, 2017

Visit The Hill Times (subscription required) for this op-ed by Ernie Regehr, Senior Fellow in Arctic Security and Defence at The Simons Foundation.

Opinion Editorial by The Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C.
Published by The Globe and Mail
July 29, 2017

The Hon. Douglas Roche is a former Canadian Senator, parliamentarian, diplomat and author, and one of The Simons Foundation's Peace Leaders.

Friday, July 7, 2017 should open up a new chapter in global nuclear affairs with the adoption at the UN of the world's first treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons. Visit OpenCanada.org at the link below for commentary by Paul Meyer, Senior Fellow, on what it might mean for Canada and the traditional nuclear order.

By Amb. (ret.) Paul Meyer
Senior Fellow, The Simons Foundation
Published by OpenCanada.org
July 5, 2017

Commentary by Paul Meyer
Senior Fellow, The Simons Foundation
Published by The Hill Times
June 14, 2017

See The Simons Foundation's page on The Canadian Defence Policy Review for briefing papers by Ernie Regehr, O.C., Senior Fellow in Defence Policy and Arctic Security at The Simons Foundation.
Visit OpenCanada.org for this article by Ernie Regehr, Senior Fellow for Defence Policy and Arctic Security at The Simons Foundation.

By Ernie Regehr, O.C.
Senior Fellow in Defence Policy and Space Security, The Simons Foundation
Published by OpenCanada.org
May 11, 2017

See the April 2017 issue of "Arms Control Today" published by the Arms Control Association at the link below for this article by Paul Meyer, Senior Fellow at The Simons Foundation.